The cerebral sulci and gyri
Guilherme Carvalhal Ribas, M.D.
Neurosurgical FOCUS Vol 28:2, 2010.
The aim of this study was to describe in detail the microanatomy of the cerebral sulci and gyri, clarifying the nomenclature for microneurosurgical purposes. An extensive review of the literature regarding the historical, evolutionary, embryological, and anatomical aspects pertinent to human cerebral sulci and gyri was conducted, with a special focus on microneuroanatomy issues in the field of neurosurgery. An intimate knowledge of the cerebral sulci and gyri is needed to understand neuroimaging studies, as well as to plan and execute current microneurosurgical procedures.
KEYWORDS:brain gyrus; brain mapping; brain sulcus; cerebral cortex; cerebral lobe.